Unlike other amplifiers that use inaccurate simple diodes, the 9500 uses two high quality log detectors to accurately measure the forward and reverse power simultaneously. This occurs because supply voltage is constant and does not vary with modulation. Much of the technical explaination in that article is inaccurate or incomplete. So, before buying an amplifier, install the very best antenna system you can afford. Here is where efficiency really comes into play. Output device impedance is lowest during the positive peak of modulation. Heat damage always takes some finite time, even if it is a very short time for small objects with low thermal mass.
This causes excessive current to flow in the control-grid circuit unless the tube anode is substantially more positive than the control grid throughout the anode-voltage cycle. This is over-coupling that cannot be corrected. You have slightly more time for mistakes and corrections when the loading capacitor is open too far than too far closed. Two-tone tests, and even notched noise tests, fail to show many power supply and bias regulation problems. If load impedance presented to the output device is too low, current is excessive and efficiency suffers. When we load a radio or amplifier at reduced drive as a last tuning step, we establish that power level as the absolute ceiling for drive and output power. The larger high power rated tuners nearly always have less insertion loss, and offer improved performance at any power level.
In one case heat increases, in the other heat decreases. When we vary current in a device with fixed supply voltage, the device normally does not have a square-law power response. Neither method has a consistent advantage in tuning results. As grid current rises and fewer electrons reach the anode, distortion increases and output power decreases. To accomplish that for a linear amplifier, it has to sit between the linear amplifier and the antenna. Hook everything up radio to amp, amp to wattmeter, wattmeter to dummy load which is capable of handling the full output of the amp for as long as it take you to perform the tune-up.
That is why grid current really should be watched in any grounded grid amp, or screen current in a grid driven tetrode. The radio and transistor amp are setup for 100 watts output dead key which is what the tube amp requires. Arcing is from excessive voltage, and heating from excessive current. The reason behind this is simple…people can more easily understand and operate in watts but our equipment operates in Decibels Db. A second advantage Pi-L offers is smoother tuning on 80 and 160 meters. Please ensure you read any forum rules as you navigate around the board.
As power is decreased, the maximum-power-output loading capacitance setting always increases. Using power controls in most radios to reduce drive more than 50-70% for amplifiers is generally a bad idea. HistoryBefore transistors were invented in 1947, all amplifiers ran off of vacuum tubes. Most amplifiers already have a tuned input circuit so there is no need to add an additional tuner since maximum power transfer from your transceiver to the amplifier is already accomplished. All of this works to sustain the arc even after voltage is reduced to safe levels. Neither method produces better end results, since both methods are equally critical for pulse shape, pulse level, and pulse rate.
To ensure proper tuning, less-experienced tuners should also have a proper power output meter. Hooking up a linear amp can boost that wattage to 10 or even 12 watts. That sounds like a good idea. Too much grid current, either screen or control grid, is a clear sign you have the loading control too far meshed or closed. The most undesirable situations are those where exciter power greatly exceeds by more than twice an amplifier's normal drive power limit.
These amplifiers will usually produce about 700 to 800 watts of clean output power with good power line regulation. Even if you have someone else build it, this tube amp will have your creative fingerprint on it. This will allow the to handle transients without. With fixed high voltage, only the supply current varies with drive. This amplifier is capable of providing maximum legal radio power of 1,500 watts or more on all the original amateur radio wavelength bands between 80 and 10 meters, using less than 100 watts of transmitter exciter power. Also the tuner uses a roller inductor and two capacitors, what is the best combination to aim for to begin with? I don't load by the meters as I only use a few seconds.
As a matter of fact, some vacuum tubes actually have a pronounced reduction of life when operated at low temperatures! Even with the rise of cellular communications, radio networks remain an important part of business communications, especially for small businesses such as trucking and security companies. Proper choice, installation and positioning of antennas is crucial to proper operation of radio transmitters, especially if a linear amplifier is used to boost the radio signal. Excessive temperature permanently damages components. The 4-1000 tube is still readily available and can easily product 1500 watts of continuous output power all day long. Then, once the antenna tuner is adjusted for a nearly perfect match, just switch from the dummy load to the tuner and the amplifier should already be tuned with no further tuning required.
Their plate voltage is too low and the tube is not cooled properly. The slow material change is why carbon resistors placed near hot running vacuum tubes, or carbon resistors with high operating dissipations and temperatures, age down in resistance over time. If it takes about 2400 watts of input power to produce 1500 watts of output power, a good choice for a rugged power supply would be a supply ratted at 2. This is why the maximum power setting of the exciter should generally be used while tuning. Use signal reports from others to see if this adjustment benefits you or not.